Utah is a state in the Western United States. It was the 45th state admitted to the Union, on the 4th of January, the year 1896. About eighty percent of Utah's 2,763,885 inhabitants live along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City. This leaves vast expanses of the state practically unoccupied, making the population the sixth most urbanized in the U.S. The name "Utah" is derived from the name of the Ute tribe and translates to "people of the mountains" in the Ute language. The state of Utah is bounded by the state of Colorado on the east, the state of Arizona on the south, the state of Wyoming on the northeast, the state of Idaho on the north and Nevada on the west. It likewise touches a corner of New Mexico.
The state is by far the most religiously homogeneous state in the nation. Around 60% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS Church, which very much influences Utah daily life and culture.
Utah is a center of transportation, information technology and research, mining, government services, and a major tourist spot intended for outdoor recreation. Based on the U.S. Census Bureau's population estimates, Utah was the fastest growing state within the United States as of the year 2008. St. George, Utah, was the fastest growing metropolitan area in the country from the years 2000 to 2005.
During 2010, the gross state product of Utah was about $114.5 billion, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. This equals about 0.78% of the countries $14.55 trillion GDP in that same year. During 2005, the per capita personal income was $24,977. Utah's main businesses consist of: cattle ranching, mining, salt production, and government services. According to the 2007 State New Economy Index, the state of Utah is ranked the top state within the US for Economic Dynamism, determined by "the degree to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven and innovation-based".
During the month of October the year 2010, the state of Utah was ranked number one in Forbes' list of "Best States For Business". A November 2010 article in Newsweek featured Utah and particularly the Salt Lake City area's economic outlook, naming it "the new economic Zion", and examined how the area has been able to bring in high-paying jobs and draw high-tech companies to the area during a recession.
Petroleum is a key business within the eastern part of Utah. Petroleum refining is done by a number of oil companies operating near the city of Salt Lake. Coal production within central Utah accounts for a lot of the mining activity.