The city of Salt Lake (population 186,440) is the capital city of Utah State. Salt Lake City or SLC, as it is occasionally known as, is the most densely inhabited city within Utah State. It is part of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, population around 1,124,200. The larger urban area in which Salt Lake is located is called the Wasatch Front, that has a population of over 2 million residents. The Wasatch Front and the city of Reno, in Nevada State, are the two biggest urban regions within the Great Basin.
Brigham Young, Mormon leader together with his followers founded the community in the year 1847. The Mormon settlers changed an arid valley with irrigation and cultivation. Until the year 1868 Salt Lake was called "Great Salt Lake City" after Great Salt Lake nearby. The city of Salt Lake is home to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or also called LDS Church) world headquarters. Mormons comprise about half the population of Salt Lake City.
Known as the Crossroads of the West, the city of Salt Lake had an economy that was boosted by immigration of LDS Church members. They grew more quickly thanks to foreigners, mining booms and a railroad boom. During 1913, Salt Lake became the intersecting point of the transcontinental railroad and the Lincoln Highway, the very first transcontinental highway. Nowadays, the I-80 and I-15, two major cross-country freeways, intersect within Salt Lake.
Salt Lake City is famous for its skiing facilities. The city of Salt Lake played host to the Winter Olympics in 2002. The outdoor recreation tourist business is vital to the Salt Lake City economy. Tourists looking for outdoor adventure come to go to the Wasatch Mountains nearby.
The city of Salt Lake has a bustling and thriving arts and culture sector. The city likewise has numerous museums, like for instance: The Children's Museum of Utah, The Utah Museum of Fine Arts, The Utah Museum of natural History, The Clark Planetarium and The Red Butte garden and Arboretum.
A large number of the local residents are employed by either the state, local and federal. The other major city industries comprise business and professional services, trade, transportation and utilities. Industrial banking is a key economic sector. Nearly all of the industrial banks within the country are headquartered within the Salt Lake City area. What's more, the city has a lot of convention centers, regional distribution centers and call centers.
Intermountain Healthcare and the University of Utah are major employers within Salt Lake City. Other key companies headquartered within the city consist of Alpha Graphics, Sinclair Oil Corporation, Smith's Food and Drug and Zions Bancorporation.